Rashba, correlation functions of a twodimensional gas with rational density, and a geometrical interpretation of the laughlin. Rashba, korrelyatsionnye funktsii dvumernogo gaza s ratsionalnoi plotnostyu i geometricheskii smysl laflinovskikh operatorov kvazichastits, zhetf, 90 1, 346351 1986 yu. New perspectives for rashba spinorbit coupling request pdf. Twodimensional 2d layered hybrid organicinorganic halide perovskite semiconductors form natural multiple quantum wells that have strong spinorbit coupling due to the heavy elements in their building blocks. Spin currents in a two dimensional electron gas with rashba type spin orbit coupling are derived from a spin connection. The spininterference effect in a gatecontrolled mesoscopic aharonovbohm ring structure is investigated in the presence of rashba spinorbit interaction. In 1984, bychkov and rashba introduced a simple form of spinorbit coupling to explain the peculiarities of electron spin resonance in twodimensional semiconductors. This viewpoint relates to an article by bychkov and rashba 1984 j. The rashba effect is the spin energy level splitting due to broken inversion symmetry and spinorbit coupling, and the controllability of rashba splitting is crucial to spin manipulation. The result can be induction of a nonequilibrium spin polarization if the 2d electron gas is carrying a current vorobev et al. In the context of quantum wires and nanostructures, in general, such a symmetrylowering perturbation is provided by the everpresent spinorbital so coupling.
The rashba effect, also called bychkovrashba effect, is a momentum dependent splitting of. Bychkov is twofold spin splitting of the band spectrum of twodimensional charge carriers, electrons and holes, in asymmetric heterostructures, and manifestation of it in two independent experiments. New perspectives for rashba spinorbit coupling korea. In 1984 bychkov and rashba 36, 37 pointed out the analogies between the klinear spin splitting in bulk wurtzite and spin splitting in quasi2d. Part of the springer proceedings in physics book series spphy, volume 159. Oscillatory effects and the magnetic susceptibility of carriers in. This is a strong evidence of a zerofield spin splitting that is induced by the rashba effect.
New perspectives for rashba spinorbit coupling nasaads. Symmetry induced peculiar rashba effect on thallium. I use bibtex, the standard bibliography style alpha. Sheka in 1959 for threedimensional systems and afterward with yurii a. Giant rashba splitting in 2d organicinorganic halide. Full text of threedimensional bulk band dispersion in. Manifestations of spinorbit and zeeman interactions. Solid state 17 6039 and was published as part of a series of viewpoints celebrating 50 of the most in. Rashba department of physics, harvard university, cambridge, massachusetts 028, usa. Add your email address to receive free newsletters from scirp. Printed in great britain oscillatory effects and the magnetic susceptibility of carriers in inversion layers yu a bychkov and e i rashba l d landau institute for theoretical physics, academy of sciences of the ussr, moscow.
The coefficient a is found from experimental data reported recently by stein et al. Spin currents in the rashba model in the presence of non. Rashba effect in the 2d system binghamton university. We account for both bulk and structural inversion asymmetry rashba effects. We find that electron doping can effectively strengthen the rashba spin. The energy spectrum of such a system is exactly calculated using special unitary operator and is shown to depend on the electron spin polarization. Full text of large bychkovrashba spinorbit coupling in.
The work has been translated into english, and i expect the majority of the readers will want to read the translation, not the original. For 2degs grown along the 001 direction 0, the dresselhaus hamiltonian and rashba hamiltonian are reduced to. We have used a plethora of ultrafast transient, nonlinear optical. In 1984 bychkov and rashba 36, 37 pointed out the analogies between the k linear spin splitting in bulk wurtzite and spin splitting in quasi2d.
In this approach the spin polarization can be detected potentiometrically with the use of a ferromagnetic contact to the currentcarrying. Dephasing measurements in ingaasalinas heterostructures. Rashba field k b r n current induces steady rashba field m y b b y r 2. Weak localization and spinorbit coupling in monolayer and. The properties of a 2d electron gas in which the twofold spin degeneracy of the spectrum has been lifted by a perturbation h so a5xkv are analyzed. We apply the dyakonovperel dp formalism to 111grown zincblende quantum wells qws to compute the spin lifetimes of electrons in the twodimensional electron gas. Rashba type spin splitting and spin interference of the cu1 1 1 surface state at room temperature. Properties of 2d electron gas with lifted spectral degeneracy, jetp lett. Both the rashba and dresselhaus effects are concepts of the physh physics subject headlines scheme. A qualitative illustration of the orthogonal cherenkov sound in a twodimensional electron gas with bychkov rashba and dresselhaus spinorbit interactions. Using a spin kinetic equation approach, we formulate boundary conditions for the case of a partial spin polarization loss at the boundaries. The form of the splitting terms corresponds to the bychkov rashba hamiltonian. Decay of persistent spin helix due to the spin relaxation. The rashba effect, also called bychkov rashba effect, is a momentumdependent splitting of spin bands in bulk crystals and lowdimensional condensed matter systems such as heterostructures and surface states similar to the splitting of particles and antiparticles in the dirac hamiltonian.
Over the past thirty years, similar ideas have been leading to a vast number of predictions, discoveries, and innovative concepts far beyond semiconductors. If bychkov rashba spinorbit coupling is present, it tends to induce weak antilocalization in both monolayers and bilayersas in semiconductors and metalsbut, if intrinsic spinorbit coupling prevails, it results in a suppression of weak localization. Rashba is known for his contributions to different areas of condensed matter physics and spintronics, especially the rashba effect in spin physics, and also for the prediction of electric dipole spin resonance. We study electron spin relaxation in onedimensional structures of finite length in the presence of bychkov rashba spinorbit coupling and boundary spin relaxation. Black hole spinflip an overview sciencedirect topics. These boundary conditions are used to derive corresponding boundary conditions. Conductance of a large point contact with rashba effect springerlink. Rashbatype spin splitting and spin interference of the cu. This may lead to rashba splitting close to the extrema in the electron bands. Over the past 30 years, rashba spinorbit coupling has inspired a vast number of predictions, discoveries and innovative concepts far beyond semiconductors. General solution of the dirac equation for quasitwo.
We see that, under certain conditions, the spin splitting vanishes to first order in k, which effectively suppresses the dp spin. Tunable rashba spin splitting in janus transitionmetal. Rashba, properties of a 2d electron gas with lifted spectral degeneracy jetp lett. A catalog record for this book is available from the library of congress.
New perspectives for rashba spinorbit coupling nature. Oscillatory effects and the magnetic susceptibility of. A 10 relativistic effects in solids forschungszentrum julich. Stone, radiation and opticsmcgraw hill book company, inc new york san. The general solution of the dirac equation for quasitwodimensional electrons confined in an asymmetric quantum well, is found.25 1450 1575 1155 869 829 974 100 1175 269 715 422 1476 964 1225 202 620 566 871 959 1097 1516 330 703 719 814 1541 1045 1340 868 311 841 232 115 583 144 966 303 586 1246 1299 1353 139